Zerbaijan.com (VAR): Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons (IDP)

The human toll from Armenian aggression and ethnic cleansing


  • What the World should know by President Heydar Aliyev
  • Refugee Population Map  


    DOWNLOAD: Armenian aggression and occupation of Azerbaijan handouts in PDF and Word formats.

  • Handout/flyer: Occupation backgrounder
    (Occupation of Azerbaijan. Aggression by Republic of Armenia. Occupation of Shusha and massacre of Khojaly in Karabakh region of Azerbaijan, Adobe PDF format, 354 Kb)
  • Occupied regions of Azerbaijan
    (Socio-economic devastation caused by the occupation of territory of Azerbaijan Republic by Republic of Armenia, 1991-1994, MS Word format, 166 Kb)
  • Aid to Armenia (Washington Post)
  • Voices of Disbelief: Refugees Tell Their Own Stories
  • "Armenian armed formations occupied 20 percent [of] Azerbaijan territory. Besides the territory of former Nagorny-Karabakh Autonomous Region, lands of seven additional regions around Nagorny-Karabakh are also occupied.
    More than one million inhabitans of Azerbaijan were violently expelled from lands now occupied in Nagorny-Karabakh and other regions".

            Heydar Aliyev
    President of Azerbaijan Republic



    "The actions taken by the government of Armenia in the context of the conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh are inconsistent with the territorial integrity and national sovereignty principles of the Helsinki Final Act. Armenia supports Nagorno-Karabakh separatists in Azerbaijan both militarily and financially. Nagorno-Karabakh forces, assisted by units of the Armenian armed forces, currently occupy the Nagorno-Karabakh region and surrounding areas in Azerbaijan. This violation and the restoration of peace between Armenia and Azerbaijan have been taken up by the OSCE."

    William J. Clinton
    President of the United States of America


    Cited from Presidential Determination (PD) No. 99-8 of December 8, 1998, and PD No. 98-11 of January 26, 1998, Memorandum for the Secretary of State, Re: "Assistance Program for the New Independent States of the Former Soviet Union."

    "The number of refugees and IDPs from the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict was approximately 800,000; 200,000 of these were refugees, and more than 600,000 were IDPs. There were credible reports that Armenians, including ethnic Armenian immigrants from the Middle East and elsewhere, had settled in parts of Nagorno-Karabakh and possibly other Azerbaijani territories occupied by Armenian forces. Approximately 10,000 to 30,000 Armenians, almost exclusively persons of mixed descent or mixed marriages, remained in Azerbaijan (in addition to Armenians residing in occupied territories). While official government policy allowed ethnic Armenians to travel, low-level officials seeking bribes have harassed citizens of Armenian ethnicity who sought to obtain passports. The Armenian Government continued to prevent the hundreds of thousands of Azerbaijanis who were forced out of their homes in occupied territories from returning."
    (Azerbaijan Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 2002, Released by the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 31, 2003)



    "According to the de facto government of Nagorno-Karabakh, the population of the enclave stood at about 143,000 in 2001, slightly higher than the ethnic Armenian population in the region in 1988, before the conflict. Government officials in Armenia have reported that about 1,000 settler families from Armenia reside in Nagorno-Karabakh and the Lachin Corridor, a strip of land that separates Nagorno-Karabakh from Armenia. According to the government, 875 ethnic Armenian refugees returned to Nagorno-Karabakh in 2001. Most, but not all, of the ethnic Armenian settlers in Nagorno-Karabakh are former refugees from Azerbaijan. Settlers choosing to reside in and around Nagorno-Karabakh reportedly receive the equivalent of $365 and a house from the de facto authorities."
    (U.S. Committee for Refugees (USCR) 2002, Armenia).

    "At the end of 1991, the conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan escalated into war. Between 1992 and 1994 almost 20 percent
    of the Azerbaijan's territory, including six districts of Azerbaijan in addition to Nagorno-Karabagh, were under Armenian
    control, resulting in mass population displacement within the country. The State estimated the number of internally displaced
    persons at 778,500 by the end of 1993, and 604,574 as of 1 March 1998. UNHCR estimates are lower, with 551,000 persons at the
    end of 1997." (IOM 1999, p. 40)
    
    "More than 568,000 persons from western regions of Azerbaijan under Armenian occupation since 1993, including 42,072 from
    Nagorno-Karabakh, remained displaced within the country. Most were displaced from regions just outside Nagorno-Karabakh,
    including Fizuli (133,725 persons), Agdam (128,584 persons), Lachin (63,007 persons), Kelbadjar (59,274), Jabrayil (58,834
    persons), Gubadli (31, 276), Zangilan (34,797), Terter (5,171) and Adjabedi (3,358)." (USCR 2000)
    
    "The more than 600,000 displaced Azerbaijanis constitute the largest group of IDPs in the Caucasus. The displaced include the
    entire Azeri population of Nagorno-Karabakh and a wide area surrounding it. They comprise a broad range of professionals,
    farmers, and workers and include men, women, and children of all ages. Because of the ethnic basis of displacement in
    Azerbaijan, the IDPs there are virtually all Azeri (Turkic) peoples. Most of them are nominally Shia Muslim, but many of those
    from Lachin and Kelbajar Provinces are Sunni Muslim Kurds." (Greene 1998, p. 254)
    
    "The overwhelming majority, over 99 per cent, of the internally displaced population are ethnic Azeris. The remainder are some
    4,000 Kurds from the Lachin and Kelbajar districts and several hundred persons of various other ethnic groups, mostly
    Russian." (UN Commission for Human Rights 25 January 1999, para. 31)
    
    Sources:
    
    International Organization for Migration, 1999, Migration in the CIS 1997-1998, 1999 Edition
    
    U.S. Committee for Refugees (USCR), 31 December 2000, World Refugee Survey 2000 (Washington D.C.): Country Report Azerbaijan 
    [Internet]
    
    Greene, Thomas, 1998, The Forsaken People, "Internal Displacement in the North Caucasus, Azerbaijan, Armenia and Georgia" 
    (Washington D.C: The Brookings Institution)
    
    United Nations Commission on Human Rights (CHR), 25 January 1999, Report of the Representative of the Secretary-General, Mr. 
    Francis M. Deng, Profiles in displacement: Azerbaijan (E/CN.4/1999/79/Add.1) [Internet]
    



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